Textiles are an important source for cultural studies because of their universality. Textiles are commonly used to cover human beings, gods, animals, furniture and the floor. In the past, common technology was used to make textiles. But in modern times, due to the changing tastes of the people and the ever-increasing demand, a variety of advanced and latest textile equipment and technology are being used.
The textile industry is a global industry. Many countries around the world and millions of people are involved in this industry. Textile materials are made from fiber, yarn and cloth. Nowadays, the textile industry has started focusing on science and technology.
A country’s ability to create new machines and technologies gives its manufacturers the opportunity to make more profit in this industrial market. That is why the textile industry is currently looking at all the latest technologies and automation.
The latest machinery and technology of the textile industry in the modern era :
The textile manufacturing process has been undergoing changes over the last few decades. Although the original latest textile equipment and technology machines and their processes are still in use, these latest textile equipment and technology machines are being evolved into more technologically advanced versions. Machines that can be operated manually by skilled workers are being programmed to produce computerized and textile materials.
Through this, the textile industry is being prepared for the fourth industrial revolution. This type of automation will reduce the price of textiles which is creating money-making opportunities for the textile-producing countries and the textile industry.
Modern Spinning Machinery and Advanced Spinning Techniques:
At present most of the industrial processes are operated by self-propelled machinery. The textile industry is not far behind in taking advantage of automation. In the textile industry, according to the conventional process, a fine fabric is made through thread, yarn, which is later used to make the final product. Spinning is a process in the textile industry where fibers are converted into yarn.
Although ring spinning, open end or rotor spinning has been the mainstay of the spinning industry for decades, now air-jet spinning technology has become very popular. Air-jet spinning is the latest answer to efforts to develop faster and more reliable and flexible spinning technology. Murata Vortex Spinner, Ritter Air-Jet Spinner is currently widely used in spinning industry establishments.
Advances in Technology and Use of New Machines:
- Knitting machines:
In sophisticated knitting machines, knitted fabric is made by arranging the material in large rows instead of long strips, which are then looped and sewn together. Knitting machine manufacturers are working on machine production with high energy efficiency and waste reduction as sustainability has become a global issue.
Some of the advanced types of knitting machines include: German made Karl Meyer warp knitting Tricot machine called Four-Bar High Speed Tricot Machine, Spin Knit Circular Knitting Machine etc.
Plating machines are now designed in such a way that automatic plating is possible with the machine very easily.
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- Laser printing:
Textile machines now use laser printing on garments such as jeans and shirts to create a variety of images. As a result, designs can move faster and more precisely on the fabric.
- Digital printing:
Layer printing is a type of digital printing machine used to create many complex designs.
- 3D printing:
In the current era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the demand for 3D printing machines has increased. It is currently being used in the high fashion community. Companies like Nike, for example, use 3D printing to create innovative shoes. Three-D printing is a latest textile equipment and technology that helps to create soft clothing through thin and flexible fibers.
Sewbot is now used for sewing clothes in many countries. For example, at the Tianyuan plant in Little Rock, Arkansas, the Cubots will be able to produce 1.2 million T-shirts a year, each costing about ০ 0.33 less than what is currently possible in low-cost countries.
Nanotechnology is mainly being used in the technical textile industry. Nanotechnology is being used in the textile industry to make more scientific garments like fire repellent, self cleaning, water repellent items. Nanotechnology will help textile companies produce products with less energy wastage which is useful for a sustainable environment.
Radio Frequency ID Tag (RFID), Sensors and Integration Virtual Reality (AVR), Blockchain, Artificial Intelligence (AI) have ushered in the fourth industrial revolution in the textile industry. At present textile, machines are being controlled and operated by these digitized systems.
The massive production of the textile industry in the eighteenth century opened the door to the first industrial revolution. Since then, the first step in the use of modern production methods has begun.
The establishment of innovative and latest textile equipment and technology such as power looms, cotton gin, sewing machines established new methods of textile industry production and now the textile industry is taking new initiatives all over the world where the fourth industrial revolution has started.
With the advent of laser cutting, 3D printing, and about, the textile industry has focused on robotics and automation technology to increase productivity and facilitate the resurfacing process.